Optical 3D position tracking with OpenCV and ArUco markers.

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Continuing from experimenting with static magnetic fields and hall effect sensors for positioning, this is an attempt at using optical tracking for the same purpose.¬†Optical tracking is a proven technology used in many VR headsets such as Oculus Rift and PlayStation VR but due to its slow refresh rate limited by the camera’s frame rate, it has to be used with an accelerometer and gyroscope to provide faster updates and optical tracking is used to correct for drift introduce by the IMU. The accuracy of optical tracking depends on many factors such as lighting conditions, image recognition algorithms, processing power, camera, and the design of markers with the later three contributing directly to BOM. So here we look at what could be achieved using a standard laptop webcam and printed QR/ArUco codes. Continue reading